Oriental Cockroaches are shiny black to dark reddish brown in color and are about 1 inch in size. Females have small, functionless, rudimentary wing pads and broader, heavier bodies. Males have wings that cover only about three-quarters of their abdomen. Males are apparently unable to fly. They are large and very dark compared to other cockroaches. Oriental cockroaches are often called water bugs because of their preference for dark, damp, and cool areas such as those under sinks and washing machines, and in damp basements. An Oriental cockroach creates a strong smell and is considered one of the dirtiest of all the cockroaches.
The Oriental cockroach commonly inhabits sewers and storm culverts and will enter buildings through floor drains. It survives quite well outdoors in firewood, leaf litter, sheds, doghouses and similar locations. During the colder months, oriental cockroaches reinvade homes, establishing themselves in basements, cellars and crawl spaces.
Oriental cockroaches feed on all kinds of filth, rubbish, and other decaying organic matter. Oriental cockroaches seem especially fond of garbage and the contents of discarded tin cans. If water is available, they can live for a month without food; without water they die within two weeks. Filth from sewers, garbage disposals, kitchens, bathrooms, and indoor storage areas is spread by cockroaches to food supplies, food preparation surfaces, dishes, utensils, and other surfaces. Cockroaches contaminate far more food than they are able to eat.
Cockroaches pose serious health risks to your family or business. In addition to standard roach control treatments such as baits to kill an existing population, Oriental roach control requires particular attention to damp crawl spaces, basement and floor drains. Modifying the interior environment—removing food, moisture, and harborages for cockroaches—is the first step in treatment. Eliminating cockroach harborages involves caulking in closets and cabinets, caulking under the sink, etc., or making similar structural repairs in the kitchen, bathroom, and other areas of the house. Sealing cracks in your home’s exterior and installing screens in all vents helps prevent these pests from returning.