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Pest-Blog

Pestering man with their blood pilfering crimes and leaving behind itchy reminders, mosquitoes have been roaming the planet for millions of years.   Mosquitoes in Virginia are no exception to their annoying presence.  Exterminating Unlimited, Inc would like to take the opportunity to expound on the mosquitoes that are in your own backyard.

 

Yellow Fever & Asian Tiger Mosquitoes

During mosquito season in Virginia, the risk of a local mosquito transmitting a disease is very possible.  Throughout Virginia, mosquitoes are found that are infected with various diseases that can be detrimental. Mosquitoes are only too eager to bite and though they can potentially spread multiple diseases, the Zika virus is what has the natives mostly concerned about.  The yellow fever mosquito and the Asian tiger mosquito are the two species primarily transmitting the Zika virus.  Virginia has both of these mosquitoes are here and the Asian tiger mosquito is by far the most commonly seen in the area. Mosquito season is here, which also means the potential for our local yellow fever mosquitoes and Asian tiger mosquitoes to obtain the Zika virus by biting infected persons who have returned from areas of Zika activity and to spread it to their current hosts.  These two mosquito species are different from most other mosquito species in Virginia because they fly and bite during daylight hours and will enter homes through any opening they can find especially an open door or window and bite indoors. Another difference of these two mosquito species is that they lay their eggs only in containers of water as opposed to laying their eggs in bodies of water such as puddles, flooded ditches, ponds or streams the average mosquito does.

 

Mosquito Prevention

bigstock Mosquito 70726885Mosquito prevention requires strategic tactics that branch off from other mosquitoes as the Asian tiger and yellow fever mosquito are also different in reproduction and daily habits.  Simply locating and removing potential containers where the bodies of water might collect can remove breeding grounds. Such areas may include; metal, concrete, plastic, glass, ceramic, wood, or stone is where the eggs are laid. If removed, these mosquitoes will not have a favorable place to lay them and look elsewhere.  In depth inspections of the yard for all potential mosquito nurseries is one of the first steps in preventative maintenance.  Directed at the hedges, ivy, shrubs, and other vegetation as well as structures where a mosquito may perch is where the mosquito fog sprays should be strategically placed and targeted.  Especially prudent in homes and businesses where the doors and windows frequently opened; homes and businesses should be equipped with screens in prime condition on the windows and doors.

 

Effective Mosquito Control Methods

More common in Virginia, these mosquitoes are threatening the locals with more than the Zika virus, but other less common mosquito-borne ailments as well as other less populated mosquitoes in the area also pose a risk.  West Nile virus, Eastern equine encephalitis, and La Crosse encephalitis are a few examples of the other potential diseases. Additionally, diseases also get imported into Virginia and mosquitoes could also be important vectors of tropical diseases like dengue and chikungunia. When it comes to the safety of your home and loved ones, ensuring the mosquitoes are nowhere in sight is ideal.  Call Exterminating Unlimited, Inc for effective mosquito control to avoid annoying itchy bites and serious ailments.  

Carpenter ants are the most destructive of the ant species. Much like termites they can cause thousands of dollars worth of damage to a single home. If carpenter ants have been discovered within a home it is important that the homeowner reacts quickly and seeks out professional assistance to rid their home of these pests. Exterminating Unlimited, Inc will share more about carpenter ants and how they pose a serious threat to your home.

  

Carpenter Ant Identification

carpenter ant wiki 5Carpenter ant is one of the largest species of ants in North America. They can range a little larger than ½ inches in length. They are mostly black in color however other species of carpenter ant color can vary from a reddish color to a yellow. The workers have a very large pair of mandibles. Carpenter ants will live inside as well as outside and typically in moist areas. They will also live in decaying or hollowed out wood. The workers will cut galleries, or rooms, for nesting grounds to provide passageways to move the eggs or larva to the nursery. Unlike termites where they actually feed on wood, carpenter ants do not. They use wooden structures to build their nest and prefer feeding on meat and sweet food. They will also feed on other insects. Carpenter ants aren’t just a problem because they cut galleries into wooden structures. They are also a worry as to how fast they can expand in one area. A single queen can lay 16 batches per year which isn’t too bad but a single queen can live up to 25 years and there are often more than one queen per colony.

  

How to Prevent Carpenter Ant Infestations & Nests in Your House

To control carpenter ants you first must locate their nest. Once the nest is found it will need to be chemically treated or removed. Carpenter ants require water, so they will be near a water source; typically leaky water pipes or outdoor water features. However they may even be within the home where they are most often found in areas with high moisture levels such as bathrooms, kitchen or laundry room in search of water. Maintaining water lines is key in preventing their return. It also helps to prevent an ant invasion by keeping food out of their reach. Carpenter ants need a water source as well as a food source. You must eliminate both. Make sure all food is properly sealed away where carpenter ants won’t find it.

Pest Inspections to Look for Signs of Carpenter Ants

If discovered early enough, treatment of carpenter ants can prevent any major structural damage. However that is why it is important to inspect your home often for signs of any pest and most especially the destructive kinds such as carpenter ants or termites. You can even use a professional pest inspector to regularly inspect and treat your property to prevent an intrusion and to confirm they have not yet invaded your home.

Carpenter Ant Control

Ants, along with any pest, needs to be kept in check. Exterminating Unlimited, Inc can help you maintain a pest control program to keep your home protected. If your home has become a nesting site for carpenter ants, contact us immediately and we can treat your home for these destructive pests. For all of your of your pest management needs, contact Exterminating Unlimited, Inc today

There are quite a few stinging insects that people have had a run in with from time to time; bees, hornets, and wasps to name a few. Where some wasps can be social or solitary, they all have the potential to deliver multiple stings if they perceive you as a threat. If you spot their nesting area, it is strongly recommended that you avoid the area and allow the professionals to remove the nests and contend with the wasps. Not only can wasps deliver multiple painful stings, but one can experience different degrees of allergic reactions. With the many kinds of stinging pests in Virginia, Exterminating Unlimited, Inc would like to shine the light on the different kinds of wasps found in the Greater Richmond, VA area. Though there are several known wasps in Virginia and wasps are not contained in manmade state borders, there are two types of wasps that are more commonly seen in the area; paper wasps and yellow jackets.

 

Paper Wasp & Nest Identification

paper waspPaper wasps have 22 species found in North America. They grow to between 3/4” and up to just over an inch long. Some species resemble yellow jacket coloring, but generally, they have dark brown bodies with yellow markings and black wings. Paper wasps are so named due to the construction of their nests. Comprised of plant materials and wasp saliva, their nests a very paper-like. Within the nests, elaborate compartments are built to lay eggs and raise the young. Typically, paper wasps prefer to buid their nests in sheltered areas such as under door frames, eaves of structures and window sills. Considered beneficial, paper wasps aid in pollination by feeding off nectar and assist in pest control by feeding a variety of insects to the larvae. But despite their advantages, paper wasps have one of the more painful stings, which they will use in defense of their nest if they feel it is threatened.  In many instances, people can be allergic to the venom in their sting and suffer mild to severe reactions. If a paper wasp nest is discovered in close proximity to any home or business or populated areas, it is advised you recruit the help of a trained professional for safe and efficient removal.

 

Yellow Jacket Wasp Species

Yellow jackets are rightfully named due to their appearance; black bodies and yellow markings, though some may be black with white markings. They reach up to 5/8” long and feature thin and more defined waists in comparison to bees. Another beneficial wasp as they control beetle grub, flies, and other insects. They will also consume meats, fish, and sugary delicacies they scavenge in trash and picnic areas. More often than not, they build their nests at ground level; around or under porches, in sidewalk cracks, wall voids, or the base of trees are common. Occasionally, some species of yellow jackets will opt to build their nests in aerial locations like low-hanging branches, corners of buildings, or in bushes. Yellow jackets are fierce defenders of their colonies and will aggressively attack any perceived threat, but otherwise are not inclined to sting. Their stings are painful and they also deliver multiple stings. Lance-like stingers equipped with small barbs are not only painful, but can also induce allergic reactions ranging in mild to severe depending on the individual.

 

Wasp Exterminator & Nest Removal

No matter which wasp you encounter building a nest on your Virginia home or business property, contact the professionals of Exterminating Unlimited, Inc to ensure your safety and their quick, efficient removal.

Cockroaches are some of the oldest living species on the planet. This makes it easy to see how difficult they are to control and get rid of. If you really took the time to understand why cockroaches are so nasty, you would be more alarmed to see them in your home. American cockroaches have contact with human excrement in sewers and with pet droppings. They will then contaminate your home, food, paper goods, clothing and any other surfaces they crawl across with their saliva, feces and body parts. They can spread up to 33 different types of bacteria, with E coli and salmonella being just two. They also carry different pathogens and parasitic worms and can cause allergies in some people due to the protein they excrete in their saliva and feces. Asthma can be triggered in children. Kids seem to be affected more by cockroaches when it comes to allergies but no one is exempt.

Identification of American Cockroaches

American cockroach wiki

American cockroaches are invasive pests that will use any means possible to get into your home when seeking warmth, food and water. The ideal temperature for them is 70 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit. When they make their way into your home, they tend to infest basements, crawl spaces and bathrooms. These cockroaches are large and the adults can measure 1-1 ½ inches long. Their antennae are the same length as their bodies. They are shiny reddish to dark brown with a yellow area behind their head. They do have wings and will occasionally fly but prefer to run if they are disturbed. The egg capsules of the American cockroach are mahogany brown and about 1/3-inch long. They look like small ridged purses and can be found on the utility of boxes or along baseboards or other locations that cockroaches are infesting.

American Cockroach Infestation Prevention

American Cockroach infestations aren’t hard to find because they are easy to see. If you see one cockroach inside your home it’s bad news and most likely means there are many more hiding within your home. Prevention is much easier than getting rid of them and the best way to do this is through proper sanitation. Even the cleanest of homes can become infested if sanitation practices slip just a little, so clean, clean, clean! Sweep, wipe and vacuum crumbs and spills and don’t leave dirty dishes out overnight. Seal cracks to prevent them from getting in and keep food and trash areas clean to eliminate sources of food. Make sure windows and doors are free of cracks and check screens for rips and tears. You can also put screens around areas where they can make their way inside. These include utility lines, drain lines and sewer vents. The addition of professional chemical application and baiting regularly will be very effective in keeping them away.

Cockroach Extermination

It’s best to call in the professionals when you’re dealing with a cockroach infestation. They will make a positive identification and come up with the best plan to leave your home cockroach free. Call Exterminating Unlimited, Inc. today!

Termites are notoriously known for their destruction.  They are responsible for billions of dollars a year in homes and businesses in the United States alone.  Termites tunnel galleries in wooden materials in structures, devouring the shavings as they go.   Some colonies consist of millions of members, with that many termites infesting your home for any length of time can result in costly repairs.  Today, we at Exterminating Unlimited, Inc would like to expound on the different termites that can be consuming your home or business in Richmond, Virginia.
 

Types of Termites Found in Greater Richmond, Virginia

Eastern Subterranean Termites are the most likely suspect invading your home; however, there is also the likelihood that the West Indian Powderpost is also present.  There are Drywood and dampwood termites, but they are not native to Virginia.  
 

Termite Colony Caste System

Termites in general live socially within colonies.  There are three castes; swarmers, workers, and soldiers.  
- Swarming Termites also known as Alates are future Queens and kings. They feature wings and are solely responsible for reproducing and growing the colony.  When a colony is established, approximately taking anywhere from 3 to 7 years, the swarmers will leave the colony to begin a new one in a different location.  Once the swarmers have found a new home to begin colonizing, they will shed their wings. Termites seem more active in the spring, despite their year long activities, because spring time is when swarmers will branch out.
- Soldier Termites are responsible for guarding the nest from predators; their natural enemy being ants.  Equipped with enhanced heads and mandibles, soldiers will emerge quickly from the nest if a gallery or a tunnel should collapse.  
- Worker Termites carry the majority of the responsibility.  They forage for food, excavate the wood to expand nests, feed the younglings, soldiers, and the queen and king, repair any tunnels, and everything else in between.
 

Eastern Subterranean Termites

Swarming TermitesSubterranean termites actually live in the soil. When they move into your structure, you will often find their mud tubes that extend to the wooden rafters above.  As they construct their galleries in the wood, they will bring soil into the hollowed wood as well. More often than not, subterranean termites have intruded into your home through the soil leading to your house in the yard or the swarmers have found your home more appealing with a colony in close proximity.
 

West Indian Powederpost Termites

West Indian powderpost termites have a tendency to live in the furniture and consume the wood used to construct them. The colonies will branch out like other termites, but is fairly common to find separate colonies in the same location.
 

Signs You Have Termites

o The mud tubes as previously mentioned are obvious.
o Piles of shed wings.
o Tiny pellets of fecal matter.
o Sagging floors, ceilings, or walls.
o Hallowed wood in the structure.
o Spotting swarmers in the spring.

 

Termite Inspection & Treatment

If you suspect termites are infesting your Greater Richmond, VA home or business, contact Exterminating Unlimited, Inc and we can perform a termite inspection and of their presence is confirmed present you with solutions to exterminate the termites.  Our methods are fast and effective, don’t wait and call us today to avoid excessive damage.

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